The fast-paced and speculative nature of Bitcoin and the cryptocurrency market can be challenging for traders and investors. Different strategies, such as day trading, scalping, swing trading, and position trading, have different characteristics and cater to different traders.

Whether you are a seasoned professional or buying Bitcoin for the first time, having a solid understanding of the trading strategies available is crucial to give you an edge in Bitcoin trading. 

Swing Trading

Swing trading involves identifying and capturing the medium-term trends in the market, and then holding to get the maximum gains from that trend. In the context of Bitcoin, swing traders aim to buy low and sell high over a period of several days to several weeks to take advantage of medium-term price movements in the market.

It’s often used by traders who want to take advantage of intermediate-term price movements, but don’t have the time to watch the market for day trading or the inclination to hold assets for a long time.

Swing traders often use technical analysis to look for patterns in Bitcoin’s price movements. 

Advantages of Swing Trading

  • Flexibility: Swing trading allows traders to gain on their investment over a shorter period of time than holding strategies and the investment amount and approach are easier to adjust according to market conditions.
  • Potential for higher returns: Taking advantage of intermediate-term price movements means that swing traders have the potential for higher returns compared to both holding and shorter-term strategies.

Disadvantages of Swing Trading

  • Higher trading costs: There are typically more trades made in swing trading than longer holding strategies, which means incurring trading costs like using a Bitcoin trading platform to make the trade.
  • Market risk: Investing in Bitcoin and moving it around means swing traders might suffer a loss with the risk of market volatility.

Bitcoin Day Trading

Bitcoin day trading involves buying and selling Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies within a single trading day. The goal is to take advantage of very short-term price movements and pull quick profits from the market. Day traders often use technical analysis, market news, and other information to inform their trades.

Skills Required for Day Trading

To excel as a day trader in Bitcoin trading, you need a particular of skills, such as:

  • Quick decision-making: It’s important to be able to make quick and informed decisions based on market conditions and other factors.
  • Industry knowledge: Bitcoin day traders need to understand the market comprehensively to take advantage of price movements as they happen.
  • Risk management: Bitcoin’s volatility means that the market has a risk of turning quickly, so traders must be able to manage their risk effectively.
  • Understanding technical analysis: Day traders tend to use technical analyses to find trends and patterns in Bitcoins’ price movements.

What is the Difference Between Day Trading and Other Trading Strategies?

There are a few factors that set day trading apart from other trading strategies in Bitcoin and cryptocurrency trading. Three important differences include:

  • Short-term trading: Day traders in Bitcoin will buy low and sell high within a 24-hour period. They will take advantage of very short-term price fluctuations rather than holding. 
  • An increased risk profile: Day trading has a great level of risk (with the potential for great reward) because the market is exposed to immediate, but aggressive volatility.
  • Active vs passive trading style: Day trading is an active trading strategy. Traders will make multiple trades within a single day rather than more passive trading strategies which require patient holding.


Scalping is also a short-term trading strategy, but it involves making many smaller trades to earn from an accumulation of smaller profits from each trade. It’s usually a strategy that experienced traders will use as it relies on the quick identification of market movements to exploit market changes. It can be used similarly to arbitrage trading, such as taking advantage of brief price differences between different exchanges to buy from one exchange and sell on another to make a profit from the difference.

Advantages of Scalping as a Bitcoin Trading Strategy

  • Rapid profits that accumulate: Successful scalping results in small quick profits that add up to substantial returns.
  • Limited market exposure: Typically, scalpers will only hold their Bitcoin positions for a short period of time, meaning they aren’t exposed to market risk for long.

Disadvantages of Scalping as a Bitcoin Trading Strategy

  • High stress: Scalping is a demanding strategy and it requires consistent active thinking, and traders must be alert to make quick decisions at all times.
  • Trading costs: Because of the number of trades made in scalping, the transaction fees can add up making it an expensive trading strategy.

Position Trading

Position trading in Bitcoin is a long-term investment where traders buy Bitcoin with the intention of holding it for a sustained amount of time to sell later when the price has appreciated significantly. Typically, position traders will calculate their investment and hold for several months or longer. 

Advantages of Position Trading

  • Lower risk of immediate volatility loss: Because position trading is a holding strategy, short-term volatility doesn’t impact the trades as much as shorter-term strategies.
  • Passive trading: A trader can buy and hold their Bitcoin for however long they want to without needing to watch the market to conduct trades.
  • Minimal trading costs: There are much fewer trades conducted with position trading which means the cost of transactions is low.

Disadvantages of Position Trading

  • Fewer immediate returns: Position trading involves a lower level of immediate risk but it also means there is less possibility of making immediate gains on the Bitcoin investment.
  • Investment commitment: For the trade to pay off, traders need to hold onto their Bitcoin for a long-term period of time, which means committing to the investment.

Combining Strategies 

Combining different trading strategies is the approach where multiple methods are used in a trading plan. The intention behind combining strategies is to try and maximise the profit while reducing the risk. 

Some traders might use the profits from day trading to lock up as part of a positioning strategy. By using multiple strategies, traders can potentially reduce their exposure to market risk, as well as increase their chances of success.

Advantages of Combining Different Trading Strategies

  • Diversification: A diverse trading strategy reduces exposure to market risk.
  • Flexibility: Different trading strategies allow traders to be more flexible and to adapt to changing market conditions.
  • Increased chances of success: By using a variety of strategies, traders can increase their chances of success and achieve better overall returns.

Disadvantages of Combining Different Trading Strategies

  • Managing different strategies: Combining multiple strategies can be complex and difficult to manage, especially for inexperienced traders.
  • Increased risk: While combining strategies may reduce risk in some cases, it can also increase risk if the strategies are not well-suited to each other or if the trader does not have a solid understanding of the market.

Risk Management in Bitcoin Trading

Risk management is a critical component of successful trading, as it helps traders to minimise their exposure to market volatility and protect their investments. There are several risk management tools and techniques that traders can use to manage their risk, including stop-loss orders, position sizing, and diversification.

Stop-loss Orders

This allows traders to set a predetermined exit point for a trade, in the event that the market moves in an unfavourable direction. This helps to limit potential losses and protect capital.

Position Sizing

This is another important aspect of risk management, as it helps traders to determine the appropriate size of each trade based on their individual risk tolerance and investment goals. By properly sizing their positions, traders can limit their exposure to risk and ensure that they are not over-invested in any one trade.


By using a combination of trading strategies and risk management tools, traders can effectively reduce their risk and increase their chances of success in the markets.

What to Know Before You Start Trading Bitcoin

Before a trader looks to start buying and selling Bitcoin, it’s important to first understand the risks involved and then choose the best strategy that works with their skillset and lifestyle. For example, passive traders looking to buy Bitcoin but not watch the market would do better to undertake a position trading strategy while traders looking to make small, quick returns would best suit scalping. Building a solid trading strategy – or a combination of strategies – requires effort and time but the reward of a successful trade is valuable both because of the experience and the profit gained.