Different Types of Bitcoin Investment Strategies

Bitcoin, also known as “BTC,” is considered the most volume-popular cryptocurrency in the world because of its longevity and credibility. Bitcoin can be a good potential investment for anyone who wants to gain direct exposure to the demand for digital currency. Despite this, it is important to keep in mind that, like any other investment, Bitcoin also has its risks and it is important to do your research before you invest. In short, Bitcoin, like many other investments, is considered high risk, high reward – meaning that the potential profit might be higher than with other investments, but on the flip side, your money is at higher risk.  

Bitcoin investment involves many aspects that one should consider before jumping in. This article aims to discuss the two types of investing when it comes to Bitcoin, namely: active and passive investing. 

Free Bitcoins and U.s Dollar Bills Stock Photo

Active Investing

As implied by its name, active investing is a hands-on, committed approach to investing and requires you to act as a portfolio manager for your financial portfolio. Active money management aims to outperform the stock market’s average returns and make the most of temporary price fluctuations. It requires a far more thorough examination and an in-depth knowledge of when to enter or exit a specific stock, bond, or asset – in this case, Bitcoin. Commonly, a portfolio manager would supervise a team of analysts who asses and consider the qualitative and quantitative factors pertaining to the market and then based on that data, make informed decisions about future market patterns and fluctuations. Active investing demands a certain level of confidence and understanding when it comes to managing your financial portfolio and Bitcoin investing. 

Passive Investing

Passive investing involves a longer approach to investing and profiting from your investment.  Passive investing is a long-term strategy for acquiring wealth by buying securities that mirror the stock market indexes and holding them long-term. In the case of Bitcoin, an example of this can be seen as buying Bitcoin and HODLing. For passive Bitcoin investors, HODLing develops into an ideological perspective on the long-term potential of cryptocurrencies, blockchain technology, and the communities that have formed around them.

The Difference Between Active and Passive Investment Management

When looking at the key differences between active and passive investing, we need to look at the fundamentals that each is based on – goal, technique, and reasoning. Below we have explained each of these fundamentals in short. 


The objective of active investments is to “beat the market”, in this case, the crypto market, whereas passive investments aim to track an index. 


With active investing, a fund/portfolio manager selects the shares whereas, with passive investments, Bitcoin is bought according to market trends and predictions. 


Passive investments are based on the concept that markets are efficient and accurately priced and that negative fluctuations eventually turn into positive fluctuations whereas active investment portfolio managers believe that markets can be inefficient, creating opportunities to buy Bitcoin at the best price. 

Pros and Cons of Active Investing

Some of the main perks of active investing include:

  • Flexibility – Active investment portfolio managers can buy Bitcoin whenever they feel fit and when they feel it is a good value
  • Hedging – Bitcoin Hedging is a trading strategy used to reduce the downside risk of existing portfolio positions and involves the use of derivatives (such as options and futures contracts) to counteract potential losses in a specific crypto asset holding.
  • Tax management – This strategy could trigger a capital gains tax, however, advisors can tailor tax management strategies to individual investors, for example by selling Bitcoin when its price drops to offset the taxes on the big winners.

Some of the disadvantages of active investing include:

  • Cost – Active investing can be very expensive with transaction costs etc. when buying and selling Bitcoin back and forth regularly. 
  • Risk – There is a big risk involved in active investing and you need to know what you are doing to ensure financial success instead of great losses. 

Passive investing has the following advantages:

  • Low fees – With passive investing, you aren’t buying and selling Bitcoin back and forth which means you will have less transaction fees. 
  • Tax efficiency – Through HODLing, your capital gains tax for the year will not be elevated. 

The downside of passive investing includes:

  • Smaller returns – Passive investing can earn you a big profit, but compared to active investing, returns could be seen as lower. 
  • Unpredictability and patience – HODLing takes a lot of patience and you need to just trust that Bitcoin will climb significantly at some point, but there is no guarantee of what your profit could be. 

Free Golden bitcoin coin on background of chart showing indicators of changes in cryptocurrency rates Stock Photo

Would Active or Passive Investment in Bitcoin Be Better?

There is no definitive answer to this – the benefit of investing actively or passively in Bitcoin will depend on multiple factors and will differ from person to person. The crux comes down to this –  passive is sluggish, costs less money and generally generates a smaller payout at the end whereas active is fast-paced, costs more money and usually results in a larger profit. 

If you are completely new to Bitcoin and the world of crypto trading, you might want to consider starting with the passive approach as you would not have the knowledge to trade actively on your own. Regardless of the form of investment, it is always important to do thorough research before entering into it. 

FAQs about Bitcoin Investment Strategies

Why Would You Invest in Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is widely recognised as the most popular cryptocurrency, offering a potential investment opportunity for those interested in digital currency. Like any investment, investing in Bitcoin can carry risks, and thorough research is necessary before investing. Bitcoin is considered a high-risk, high-reward investment, where potential profits may be significant, but the risk of losing money is also elevated compared to other investment options.

What is an Active Investment Strategy?

Active investing involves actively managing and making hands-on decisions for your investment portfolio. This approach requires thorough and frequent research and a deep understanding of when to buy or sell. Portfolio managers often lead a team of analysts who analyse qualitative and quantitative factors to make informed decisions about future market trends. Active investing requires confidence and knowledge in managing financial portfolios and investing in Bitcoin.

What is a Passive Trading Approach?

Passive investing is a long-term strategy that involves buying securities or assets that track market indexes and holding them for an extended period. Passive Bitcoin investors believe in the long-term potential of cryptocurrencies, blockchain technology, and the communities surrounding them. They take an ideological perspective and maintain their investments for the long haul.

What is the Difference Between Active and Passive Investment?

Active and passive investment management differ in their goals, techniques, and reasoning. Active investing aims to outperform the market, while passive investing aims to track an index. In active investing, the trader selects specific shares or assets based on their analysis and passive investing involves buying Bitcoin according to market trends and predictions.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Active Trading?

The advantages of active trading include flexibility, hedging, and tax management. The drawbacks for active trading involve the costs, the time you need, and the risk.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Passive Trading?

The perks of passive trading are that fees and risks tend to be lower than active trading and it is much easier on your tax records. The disadvantages of passive trading are that it requires much more patience and the returns might be lower.